Processing steps with alternative implementations

Seismic processing is characterized by a sequence of processing steps, that is more or less fixed or standardized; however, for each of these steps there are number of alternative ways for their implementation. The choice of the most appropriate way depends on geophysical considerations; therefore the processing geophysicist should have a thorough understanding of the geophysical principles that underly these processes.
An overview of the processing steps with, for each step a number of alternative implementations, is given below:
  1. Editing

  2. Statics

  3. Stacking velocity analysis

  4. Signal-to-noise enhancement

  5. Deconvolution

  6. Multiple elimination

  7. DMO

  8. Migration

  9. Velocity model building